Primary Health Care
Essential health care based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that the community and the country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development in the spirit of self-reliance and self-determination.
Essential Components of Primary Health Care
There are eight essential components of Primary Health Care (PHC)approach. These are given below:-
- Education concerning prevailing health problems and the methods of preventing and controlling them.
- Promotion of safe food supply and proper nutrition.
- An adequate supply of safe water and basic sanitation.
- Maternal and child health care, including Family Planning.
- Immunization against major infectious diseases.
- Prevention and control of locally endemic diseases.
- Appropriate treatment of common diseases and injuries.
- Provision of essential drugs.
Following health facilities are mainly working to provide Primary Health Care(PHC)
Basic Health Unit (BHU)
The BHU is located at a Union Council and serves a catchment population of up to 25,000. Services provided at BHU are promotive, preventive, curative and referral. Outreach/community based services are part of package provided by the BHU. BHU provides all PHC services along with integral services that include basic medical and surgical care, CDD, CDC, ARI, malaria and TB control. MCH services are also part of the services package being provided at BHU. BHU provides first level referral to patients referred by LHWs. BHU refers patients to higher level facilities as and when necessary.
The BHU also provides clinical, logistical and managerial support to the LHWs. It also serves as a focal point, where community and the public sector health functionaries may come together to resolve issues concerning health.
Rural Health Centre (RHC)
The RHCs have 10-20 inpatients beds and each serves a catchment population of up to 100,000 people. The RHC provides promotive, preventive, curative, diagnostics and referral services along with inpatient services. The RHC also provides clinical, logistical and managerial support to the BHUs, LHWs, MCH Centers, and Dispensaries that fall within its geographical limits. RHC also provides medico-legal, basic surgical, dental and ambulance services.